|Thai Boxing, Inc.
(A non-profit organization)
Rule 10 Referees.
The referees must wear blue or black trousers, blue or soft color shirts or
pullovers and light boots. They shall not wear eyeglasses or metal
ornaments. Their fingernails must be closely and neatly cut.
The Referee's Duties:
1. The referee's priority of duties is to safeguard and protect the weaker
boxer from undue injuries.
2. The referee must always uphold rules and justice.
3. The referee must closely control the bout at all times.
4. The referee must inspect the boxer's gloves, dresses, and mouth
5. The referee must use three commands as follows:
"STOP" (YUD): To order the boxers to stop.
"BREAK" (YAK): To order the boxers to separate from each other. After
the "BREAK" command, both boxers must step back at least one step
before engaging the fight again.
"FIGHT" (CHOK): To order the boxers to fight.
6. The referee shall show a correct signal to tell the offended boxer's fault.
7. When the referee disqualifies a boxer because of a serious rule violation or he stops the bout,
he must notify the Chairman of the ring officials for his reasons after the announcement to
8. The referee shall not allow a boxer who intentionally violates rules to gain advantage, e.g.,
grabbing ropes to kick or knee his opponent, etc.
9. The referee shall not engage in any action which may jeopardize the boxers who may gain or lose
advantages, e.g., a fast-slow counting, warning or not warning, etc.
10. When the bout is over, the referee must collect the score cards from the three judges. The
referee will point to the winner's corner according to majority decision. He, then, will raise the
winner's hand. After that he will hand all score cards to Chairman of the ring officials for
The Referee's Power:
1. To stop the contest when seeing that one boxer out-classes the other or he out-points one-
2. To stop the contest when seeing that the boxer is too seriously injured to continue the bout.
He may consult the ring doctor and the referee must follow the doctor's suggestion after their
3. To stop the contest when seeing that the boxers intentionally hold the fight. In this case, either
boxer or both may be disqualified.
4. To stop counting when seeing that if he continues the count, the boxer may be in danger.
5. To stop the count when the opponent does not go to the furthest neutral corner or he comes
out from the neutral corner before the count is finished.
6. To stop the action to warn or caution the boxer who violates rules or for other reasons in order
to restore justice or to enforce rules.
7. To disqualify the boxer who ignores the referee's commands or who harms the referee or who
aggressively offends the referee.
8. To discharge from duty the second who disobeys rules. The referee may disqualify the boxer
whose second disobeys the referee's orders.
9. For the boxer who severely violates rules, the referee has power to disqualify him or he may
declare the bout of "no decision" after warning or cautioning, or even without any previous
warning or cautioning.
10. To caution the boxer who violates the rules, the referee must stop the action before he clearly
cautions the offended boxer in order that the boxer understands the cause and objective of the
caution. The referee must show a hand signal, pointing to the boxer to inform all judges that
there is a caution. The referee must disqualify the boxer who has been given three cautions or
declare "no decision". If it is a serious offense, the referee may disqualify him even though
there is no previous caution.
11. Warning: The referee may warn a boxer. Warning is a procedure to inform the boxer that he
must be careful. It may prevent the boxer from making a mistake which is against the rules.
12. Counting procedure for boxers outside the ring:
a. When a boxer has been attached by his opponent's legal weapons, and as a result, the boxer
falls off outside the ring, the referee must order his opponent to go to the furthest neutral
corner. If the boxer outside the ring is too slow to get into the ring, the referee shall count
b. For the boxer falling outside the ring, the referee shall count to twenty (20).
1. When a boxer or both falls off outside the ring, the referee shall count to twenty (20).
If the boxer manages to get into the ring before the count of twenty, the bout will
continue and the boxer loses no point.
2. When a boxer falls off outside the ring, the referee shall stop counting if the boxer is
obstructed or delayed to go up into the ring by any person. The referee shall clearly
warn the offender and continues the count. If the offender disobeys, the referee shall
stop the bout and informs the Chairman of the ring officials.
3. When both boxers fall off outside the ring, the referee shall start counting. If either
boxer tries to prevent his opponent from returning to the ring before the count ends,
he will be warned and if he disobeys, the referee shall disqualify that boxer to lose the
4. If both boxers fall off outside the ring, the referee shall start counting. When a boxer is
able to get back into the ring before the count of twenty, the referee shall declare that
boxer the winner. However, if both boxers cannot get back into the ring before the
count of twenty, the referee shall declare a draw.
Rule 11 Judges
Judges must dress as same as the referees. They may wear eyeglasses when performing their
duties. The judge's duties are as follows:
1. Each judge must sit on each side of the ring with a distance from the audience. During the bout,
the judges shall not speak with the boxers or other people. If necessary, they may speak with
the referee during the resting interval of rounds to inform the referee that there have been
some incidents, e.g., the second's misconduct and loose ropes, etc.
2. Judges shall decide to score independently and accordingly to the rules. They must add up the
score cards immediately after each round. They must add up the scores of both boxers for each
round. They must identify the winner and sign the score cards before handing them to the
3. Judges shall not leave their seats until the referee declares the contest result.
4. Judges shall neither criticize nor give an interview about the future fight results or the past
fight results unless they get permission from the Chairman of the ring officials.
Rule 12 Chairman of the Ring Officials.
1. Chairman of the ring officials has duties as follows:
a. To assign referees and judges for duties in the competition program.
b. To control the performance of referees and judges as rule provisions.
c. To examine performance of referees and judges.
d. To solve competition problems regarding the promotion
e. To give advice to the referees and judges on any decision-making matters.
f. To check all score cards for the correction of score summation, boxer's names, identification
of the winner and the judge's signatures in the score cards. After his inspection, he notifies
the ring announcer about the fight result to announce it for spectators.
g. In case there is an unusual incident from which the referee and judges are unable to work,
Chairman of the ring officials shall act immediately, by all means, to continue the contest.
2. Chairman of the ring officials has the following power:
Chairman of the ring officials may overrule the referee and judges by reversing the decision
of the referee and judges only for the following cases:
a. When the referee's performance and decision are contradictory with rules.
b. When the judges have incorrectly added up scores resulting in a different decision from
Rule 13 Timekeeper and Announcer
The timekeeper and the announcer must sit beside the ring at designated seats. Their duties are
1. The timekeeper's duties: To keep the number of rounds and fighting time for each round, resting
interval time between rounds, and time of time-outs.
a. To signal for the beginning and the ending of round by striking the bell.
b. To signal for five (5) seconds before beginning each round to enable the seconds to clear
c. To deduct the time of interruptions or the time stopped by the referee's instruction.
d. To keep correct time at all times by a stopwatch or clock.
e. The timekeeper shall not give the bell signal while the referee is counting even though the
fighting time of that round expires. The timekeeper will strike the bell when the referee
2. The announcer's duties:
1. To announce names, boxing camps, corners and weights of both boxers for spectators when
the boxers show up in the ring.
2. To announce that the seconds have to leave the ring when they hear the warning signal
from the timekeeper.
3. To announce the beginning and ending of each contesting round.
4. To announce the scores of both boxers and identify the winner following the decision.
Rule 14 Decisions.
1. Winning by Points: When the bout ends, the boxer who gets the judge's majority decision wins
2. Winning by Knockout (K.O.): If the boxer is knocked down and he cannot continue the fight for
ten (10) seconds count.
3. Winning by Technical Knockout (T.K.O.): A boxer wins the contest by technical knockout on
conditions as follows:
a. When a boxer outclasses his opponent very clearly or he one-sidedly out-points his
opponent in such conditions that his opponent may be seriously injured.
b. When a boxer cannot continue the contest immediately after the resting interval of a round.
c. When a boxer is so seriously injured that he cannot continue the contest.
d. When a boxer has been counted for more than two (2) times (= 3 times) in one round or more
than four (4) times (=5 times) all through the span of contest since the first round.
e. When a boxer has fallen out of the ring and he cannot get back into the ring after the
referee has counted twenty (20)
f. When a boxer willfully withdraws from the contest because of injury or other causes
4. Winning by Disqualification of Opponent: A boxer wins the contest because his opponent
severely violates the rules for which the referee disqualifies him whether or not there has been
any warning or cautioning beforehand.
5. Winning by Walkover: In case a boxer does not pass the ring doctor's physical examination, or
he does not make the division weight-in, or he does not show up to compete as scheduled, his
opponent will win by a walkover.
6. A Draw Decision: A contest will be decided as a draw on the following conditions:
a. The majority decision is even as a draw.
b. When both boxers are knocked down as a fall and they have been counted out of ten (10).
c. When both boxers have fallen out of the ring and they have been counted out of twenty (20).
d. When both boxers are so seriously injured that they cannot continue.