|Thai Boxing, Inc.
(A non-profit organization)
Muay Thai has a rich cultural heritage. It can be likened to a beautiful tapestry
interwoven with the multi-faceted culture, religious beliefs, myths and
legends of the fascinating kingdom of Thailand.
There are said to be more than 40 techniques known as Mae Mai (master
tricks) and Luk Mai (complementary tricks) in Muay Thai. These are Traditional
Techniques that formulated by ancient Muay Thai masters and passed on by
word of mouth from father to son, and teacher to student over many
generations these are techniques and tricks by which a boxer may claim
All teachers will know at least 15 master tricks and 15 complementary tricks,
but may know more or even different variations according to regional
influences. Interest in the traditional techniques declined in favour of
modern ring sport. Many camps and schools did not teach this method of
fighting because training time was needed to prepare the boxers for
competition, but as the sport of Muay Thai grew in popularity worldwide, many
foreign students became interested in the history and development of the art.
Mae Mai (master tricks) Muay Thai
Mae Mai Muay Thai techniques show supreme mastery of the art of Muay Thai. Many of these techniques
are, however, obsolete today and are more for use in warfare or self-defence.
1. HAK KOR MAHINGSA
When an opponent throws a punch, the boxer slips to the side so that the punch goes over his
shoulder. The boxer's arm then goes around the opponent's neck trapping his arm. Thereafter, the
boxer delivers a knee strike to the opponent's solar plexus.
2. HANUMAN TAWAI WAEN
This is a double uppercut punch. In the modern sport this technique is delivered to the opponent's chin
resulting in a knockout, but in the traditional technique the fists slide upward across the opponent's face
with the hemp-bound hands used to cut and lacerate it.
3. JAVA SAAD HOK
This technique has two variations: when the opponent throws a punch, the boxer lowers his body to the
side and then delivers either an elbow strike to the front that impacts with the rib cage, or to the back to
strike the kidney area.
4. PRA RAMA YIEB LONGKA
The boxer suddenly springs into the air above his opponent, with one foot landing on the opponent's
thigh and the other landing on his shoulder. The boxer then delivers a downward elbow strike to the
top of the opponent's head.
5. TAD MALA
A straight uppercut elbow under the chin, this technique is delivered to counter whatever attack an
opponent wishes to use. The boxer moves in swiftly, getting very close to his opponent, causing his
elbow to ride off his opponent's chest, striking under his chin.
6. HAK NGUANG IYARA
When the opponent kicks with a round kick, the boxer grabs this leg scooping the kick under his arm and
delivering a powerful downward strike elbow to his opponent's upper thigh.
7. MON YAN LAK
Before an opponent's round kick strikes the boxer, he uses a front kick to the opponent's chest. This
sends him off balance and crashing to the floor.
8. HANUMAN HERN VAHA
The boxer jumps into the air, stepping onto the opponent's thigh and delivering a powerful round-knee
strike to the side off his opponent's head.
9. PRA NARAI KHAM SAMUT
The boxer springs into the air, stepping onto his opponent's thigh, and delivers a round kick to his head.
10. CHORAKE FAAD HANG
A spinning kick: when the boxer attacks with a high round kick and the opponent leans away to avoid
this attack, the boxer quickly spins his body to strike his opponent's temple or nape of his neck with his
11. HAK KOR ERAWAN
When an opponent comes in to clinch, the boxer grabs his head, pulling it down sharply to deliver a
straight knee strike up to his opponent's face.
12. NAGA BIDT HAANG
When an opponent front kicks, the boxer grabs his foot by the heel and toes. Twisting the foot, he
delivers a knee strike to his opponent's hamstring.
13. PAK TAITOY
When an opponent throws a punch, the boxer steps past it, delivering a backward elbow strike to the
rear of his opponent's head.
14. DAB CHAWALA
This is a sharp straight punch delivered to the eyeball.
15. HANUMAN HAK DAAN
When an opponent throws a punch, the boxer quickly side-steps simultaneously delivering a side elbow
strike to the side of his opponent's jaw as well as a round knee strike to his solar plexus.