|Thai Boxing, Inc.
(A non-profit organization)
LUK MAI (Complementary tricks) MUAY THAI
Luk Mai Muay Thai, as in the case of Mai Mai Muay Thai techniques,
were part of a compulsory syllabus in many Muay Thai camps in former
times. A boxer would be expected to learn and perfect a minimum of
15 master and 15 complementary tricks as an essential part of his
study of the art. In olden times these techniques were not taught to
foreign students as they were considered a warfare secret.
1. KHUN YAK PA NANG
When an opponent grabs a boxer's neck with the intention
to clinch, the boxer quickly grabs his opponent around the
waist, and gripping his own forearms, bends his opponent
over backward. This technique is not permitted in modern
Muay Thai due to the damage this can cause the lower
back. However, boxers are permitted to do the same
manoeuvre with the arms positioned higher up the body.
2. Mai Ya Lab Lak Pra
Although this technique is not illegal in the modern-day
ring it is never seen because of its complexity. The boxer
drops down and, while his opponent's kick is in mid-flight,
pulls his adversary's lower leg and pushes the inner thigh,
bringing him crashing down sideways on to the floor. This
technique can cause serious injury.
3. ERAWAN SOI NAGA
This is a long uppercut strike with the fist thrown to an
opponent's chin. The technique can be used when an
opponent performs a round kick, with the boxer quickly
stepping inside the kick to deliver a long uppercut to the
opponent's chin. It can also be used in the same manner
to counter a punch attack.
4. BATA LOOP PAK
This is a front kick to an opponent's face. This can be considered very insulting to a Thai contestant
as, in Thai culture, it is rude to show the soles of one's feet to another and the head is considered
5. HIRAN MUAN PANDIN
When an opponent performs a round kick, the boxer steps across, blocking with his forearm or elbow
to the opponent's leg, and then delivers a spinning or reverse elbow strike to his opponent's head or
face. It is important when using this technique that the boxer's back rests against the opponent's
6. TAIN KWADLAN
When an opponent executes a round kick to the body or head, the boxer steps across and with a very
low kick, the toe just gliding across the floor, the boxer's lower shin connects to the opponent's
Achilles tendon, sweeping him to the ground.
7. KWANG LIEW LANG
When a boxer delivers a round kick to his opponent's body, and the opponent moves to avoid it, the
boxer quickly turns and delivers a back kick to his mid-section or up under his chin with the sole or
heel of his foot.
8. PRA RAMA SAKOD TAB
This is a very dangerous technique as the front kick is delivered with the toes, pointed in a stabbing
or piercing motion, to the opponent's throat. In olden times boxers would kick a hard surface with
their toes to strengthen them for the execution of this technique.
9. TAYAE KAMSAO
This is a very subtle technique. When an opponent throws a round kick to the head or body, the
boxer front kicks his opponent's support leg just above the knee, causing him to fall down.
10. KOOMPAN POONG HOK
This is an excellent counter to the Cobra punch. When an opponent throws it, his whole body leans
forward with his full weight behind the technique. The boxer simply side-steps the punch, throwing a
straight knee strike up to his opponent's body.
11. PRA RAMA NAO SORN
When an opponent attacks with a double elbow strike to the head, the boxer blocks it by raising his
forearm and delivering an uppercut punch to his solar plexus.
12. FAN LOOK BUAB
When an opponent throws a punch, the boxer steps through quickly and uses a succession of left and
right side elbow strikes to cut the opponent.
13. REUK NEUNG ERAWAN
When an opponent attacks with a round kick, the boxer
quickly scoops the adversary's kicking leg under his arm and
delivers a straight punch to the jaw. Although this is a
traditional technique it is one of a few that can be seen
regularly at many competitions.
14. HANUMAN JONG THANON
When an opponent throws a punch, the boxer side-steps to
the outside, delivering a round kick, striking with the full
shin to the opponent's mid-section.
15. HONG PEAK HAG
When an opponent throws a punch, the boxer blocks the
punch with his forearm and delivers either a side strike, a
downward strike or an uppercut elbow to his opponent's
16. SAK PUANG MALAI
When an opponent punches, the boxer steps through to
block it with his forearm, and spins around to strike with a
reverse elbow strike to his temple
|Today Muay Thai is fought in a boxing ring with an even surface, thus
boxers have an upright stance that enables great speed and mobility. This
stance makes some of the traditional techniques obsolete in the practice of
the modern sport but many have been adapted for use by today's
professional boxers; thus the authenticity of the art has been retained.